These consist of a framework which provides the main strength, and a center panel. It is upon the way that the pane! fits that the construction largely depends. It may fit a rebate worked in the rails or formed by an applied molding, or it may fit in a groove.
Applied molding framework. In many ways this is the simplest form of door. The simplicity lies in the fact that the framework is square edged and there are no complications in the joint. The cabinet can be either a simple thumb or hollow section or it can be of the collection type that is, it is rebated and fits over the edge. In both, the panel is held by a bead mitered and pinned round at the back when the molding is ‘stuck’, that is, worked in the solid. It is probably the most widely used construction in cabinet work. As shown in Fig. 7, the quirk of the molding is level with the rebate and the molding is cut away locally at the mortise and mitered. The miter template should be used for the mitering. A point to note is that the shoulder length of the rails is taken from the molding quirk or rebate.
However, if the door is to have lattice bars, there may be a slight complication when the glass is to be beaded. In this case the shoulders have to be unequal otherwise the rebates of the framework and the bars will differ in width and the beads will look wrong. If putty is to be used, however, equal shoulders can be cut because the putty bridges across the differing widths.
When there is no objection to the panel being assembled in its framework before polishing, the grooved-in construction is followed. It is seldom used in work to be polished because of the difficulty of reaching into the corners with the rubber, but is employed chiefly for framed backs. Plywood is invariably used for the panels, but in the case of solid wood for a stained job the edges should be stained before fixing so that they do not show white in the event of shrinkage.
When the edges are to re-main square and it is desired to add the panel after assembly, the rebated framework is used as in Fig. 12. The only point to remember about it is that the long-and-short shouldered tenon is needed.
Making a paneled door.
Prepare the rail and stile material and mark them directly from the job itself. Assuming that the door is to be of the rebated kind gauge in on all members both the width and depth of the rebate. Offer the stile against the cupboard and mark with a pencil the over-all size. To set out the tracery a ply panel is inserted in the rebate and the pattern marked out on it. In all cases the center lines of the molding should be worked to. Note also that the miters always bisect the over all angle of the joining parts.
- Shoulder length calculation for molded and rebated door. Length is taken to rebate depth plus fitting allowance.
- Framed door with applied molding: thumb molding and collection molding.
- Door with rebated-in panel. Back shoulders are long to reach into rebate.
- Door with rebated-in panel.
- How stile length is marked. A trifle is added for trimming.